Best of
Economics

1995

The Vision of the Anointed: Self-Congratulation as a Basis for Social Policy


Thomas Sowell - 1995
    Thomas Sowell sees what has happened not as a series of isolated mistakes but as a logical consequence of a vision whose defects have led to disasters in education, crime, family disintegration, and other social pathology. In this book, "politically correct" theory is repeatedly confronted with facts -- and sharp contradictions between the two are explained in terms of a whole set of self-congratulatory assumptions held by political and intellectual elites. These elites -- the anointed -- often consider themselves "thinking people," but much of what they call thinking turns out, on examination, to be rhetorical assertion, followed by evasions of mounting evidence against those assertions.

Investment Valuation: Tools and Techniques for Determining the Value of Any Asset


Aswath Damodaran - 1995
    But the pricing of any financial asset has become a more complex task in modern financial markets. Now completely revised and fully updated to reflect changing market conditions, Investment Valuation, Second Edition, provides expert instruction on how to value virtually any type of asset-stocks, bonds, options, futures, real assets, and much more. Noted valuation authority and acclaimed NYU finance professor Aswath Damodaran uses real-world examples and the most current valuation tools, as he guides you through the theory and application of valuation models and highlights their strengths and weaknesses. Expanded coverage addresses: * Valuation of unconventional assets, financial service firms, start-ups, private companies, dot-coms, and many other traditionally valued assets * Risk in foreign countries and how best to deal with it * Using real option theory and option pricing models in valuing business and equity * The models used to value different types of assets and the elements of these models * How to choose the right model for any given asset valuation scenario * Online real-time valuations that are continually updated at www.damodaran.com A perfect guide for those who need to know more about the tricky business of valuation, Investment Valuation, Second Edition, will be a valuable asset for anyone learning about this critical part of the investment process.

Race And Culture: A World View


Thomas Sowell - 1995
    Encompassing more than a decade of research around the globe, this book shows that cultural capital has far more impact than politics, prejudice, or genetics on the social and economic fates of minorities, nations, and civilization.

Democracy Against Capitalism: Renewing Historical Materialism


Ellen Meiksins Wood - 1995
    It redefines historical materialism's basic concepts and theory of history to specifically identify capitalism as a system of social relations and political power.

Economic Thought Before Adam Smith: An Austrian Perspective on the History of Economic Thought, Vol. 1


Murray N. Rothbard - 1995
    The scholastics, he argues, established and developed the subjective utility and scarcity theory of value, as well as the theory that prices, or the value of money, depend on its supply and demand. This continental, or 'pre-Austrian' tradition, was destroyed, rather than developed, by Adam Smith whose strong Calvinist tendencies towards glorifying labour, toil and thrift is contrasted with the emphasis in scholastic economic thought towards labour in the service of consumption.Tracing economic thought from the Greeks to the Scottish Enlightenment, this book is notable for its inclusion of all the important figures in each school of thought with their theories assessed in historical context. Classical Economics, the second volume of Professor Rothbard's history of economic thought from an Austrian perspective, is also available.

Black Wealth/White Wealth: A New Perspective on Racial Inequality


Melvin L. Oliver - 1995
    An examination of how assets are created, expanded and preserved reveals a deep economic divide between blacks and whites. Charting the changing structure of inequality over many generations, the authors examine how and why many blacks have had difficulty accumulating wealth and opportunities for a better life. In combining quantitative data from over 12,000 households and interviews with a range of black and white families, the racial face of wealth in America is measured and conceptualized.

Golden Rule: The Investment Theory of Party Competition and the Logic of Money-Driven Political Systems


Thomas Ferguson - 1995
    Although the role big money plays in defining political outcomes has long been obvious to ordinary Americans, most pundits and scholars have virtually dismissed this assumption. Even in light of skyrocketing campaign costs, the belief that major financial interests primarily determine who parties nominate and where they stand on the issues—that, in effect, Democrats and Republicans are merely the left and right wings of the "Property Party"—has been ignored by most political scientists. Offering evidence ranging from the nineteenth century to the 1994 mid-term elections, Golden Rule shows that voters are "right on the money."Thomas Ferguson breaks completely with traditional voter centered accounts of party politics. In its place he outlines an "investment approach," in which powerful investors, not unorganized voters, dominate campaigns and elections. Because businesses "invest" in political parties and their candidates, changes in industrial structures—between large firms and sectors—can alter the agenda of party politics and the shape of public policy.Golden Rule presents revised versions of widely read essays in which Ferguson advanced and tested his theory, including his seminal study of the role played by capital intensive multinationals and international financiers in the New Deal. The chapter "Studies in Money Driven Politics" brings this aspect of American politics into better focus, along with other studies of Federal Reserve policy making and campaign finance in the 1936 election. Ferguson analyzes how a changing world economy and other social developments broke up the New Deal system in our own time, through careful studies of the 1988 and 1992 elections. The essay on 1992 contains an extended analysis of the emergence of the Clinton coalition and Ross Perot's dramatic independent insurgency. A postscript on the 1994 elections demonstrates the controlling impact of money on several key campaigns.This controversial work by a theorist of money and politics in the U.S. relates to issues in campaign finance reform, PACs, policymaking, public financing, and how today's elections work.

Inequality Reexamined


Amartya Sen - 1995
    He argues for concentrating on higher and more basic values: individual capabilities and freedom to achieve objectives. By concentrating on the equity and efficiency of social arrangements in promoting freedoms and capabilities of individuals, Sen adds an important new angle to arguments about such vital issues as gender inequalities, welfare policies, affirmative action, and public provision of health care and education.

The Millennium Whole Earth Catalog: Access to Tools and Ideas for the Twenty-First Century


Howard Rheingold - 1995
    Lists useful resources related to science, health care, crafts, communication late-twentieth century technologies, biodiversity, and more.

Why Government Doesn't Work


Harry Browne - 1995
    And he demonstrates how much better off we'd be by making government much smaller. Most important, he provides a realistic blueprint for getting from where we are now to a small government and a freer, more prosperous society.

The Tragedy of American Compassion


Marvin Olasky - 1995
    Examines America's dismal welfare state and challenges the church to return to its biblical role as guardian of the poor.

The Little SAS Book: A Primer


Lora D. Delwiche - 1995
    This friendly, easy-to-read guide gently introduces you to the most commonly used features of SAS software plus a whole lot more! Authors Lora Delwiche and Susan Slaughter have revised the text to include concepts of the Output Delivery System; the STYLE= option in the PRINT, REPORT, and TABULATE procedures; ODS HTML, RTF, PRINTER, and OUTPUT destinations; PROC REPORT; more on PROC TABULATE; exporting data; and the colon modifier for informats. You'll find clear and concise explanations of basic SAS concepts (such as DATA and PROC steps), inputting data, modifying and combining data sets, summarizing and presenting data, basic statistical procedures, and debugging SAS programs. Each topic is presented in a self-contained, two-page layout complete with examples and graphics. This format enables new users to get up and running quickly, while the examples allow you to type in the program and see it work!

The Best Way to Rob a Bank Is to Own One: How Corporate Executives and Politicians Looted the S&l Industry


William K. Black - 1995
    An expert insider's account of how financial super predators brought down an industry by massive accounting fraud.

Do the Right Thing: The People's Economist Speaks


Walter E. Williams - 1995
    Williams is chairmain of the economic department at George Mason University. This thought-provoking book contains nearly one hundred of Williams's most popular essays on race and sex, government, education, environment and health, law and society, international politics, and other controversial topics.

The Great Book of Hemp: The Complete Guide to the Environmental, Commercial, and Medicinal Uses of the World's Most Extraordinary Plant


Robert A. Nelson - 1995
    Materials made from hemp fiber have been discovered in tombs dating back to 7000 B.C. During the Middle Ages hemp was used to treat fevers, insomnia, and malaria. Columbus's ships had sails of hemp, and during colonial times it was universally grown because its strong fibers made superior ropes, sails, cloth, and paper. In fact, hemp was used for money in most of the Americas from 1631 until the early 1800s, and the original drafts of the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution were written on hemp paper.As a food, the oil from hemp seeds has the highest percentage of essential fatty acids and the lowest percentage of saturated fats. Britain and Canada have recently lifted bans on growing industrial hemp and today it is reappearing in the marketplace in an amazing array of products: from lip-salve, jeans, salad oil, and cheese to paper products, composite fiberboard, and biomass fuel.This illustrated, easy-to-read guide covers all aspects of hemp:• The history of its cultivation worldwide • Its role as a source of renewable energy and as an alternative for paper manufacturing and fossil fuels• Its versatility as a fiber• Its many nutritional and medicinal uses• Examines the physiological and psychological effects of marijuana use in recreation and therapy• A comprehensive resource section includes information on organizations involved in legalizing hemp, product suppliers, and an annotated bibliography.

Self-Ownership, Freedom, and Equality


G. A. Cohen - 1995
    In that defense of capitalist inequality, freedom is self-ownership, the right of each person to do as he wishes with himself. The author shows that self-ownership fails to deliver the freedom it promises to secure. He thereby undermines the idea that lovers of freedom should embrace capitalism and the inequality that comes with it. In the final chapter he reaffirms the moral superiority of socialism, against the background of the disastrous Soviet experiment.

Making Economic Sense


Murray N. Rothbard - 1995
    Here he iscommunicating with the public about economic theory and policy. No economisthas ever written so clearly about subjects usually wrapped in mystery. Evenwhen discussing exchange rates, interest rates, and central banking,Rothbard is clear and persuasive. That's what makes this book so wonderful,and so dangerous to the purveyors of economic fallacy and those who enforcetheir ideas on the public. This wonderfully lucid work could become the nextEconomics in One Lesson.ABOUT THE AUTHOR:Murray N. Rothbard (1926-1995) distinguished himselfas an economist,writing a major treatise on theory, several important economic histories,and a highly praised history of economic thought. But he was also known asthe pioneer thinker of libertarianism, the political philosophy that rootsfreedom in private property ownership and decries the state as inherentlycontrary to the ethics of a free society. Writing from this perspective, hegained a reputation as the most provocative and influential contributor tothe anarchist tradition in our century.

Taking the Risk Out of Democracy: Corporate Propaganda versus Freedom and Liberty


Alex Carey - 1995
    and Australia" (University of New South Wales Press). This book was reissued in 1997 by University of Illinois Press under the title "Taking the Risk Out of Democracy: Corporate Propaganda versus Freedom and Liberty".

Land of Opportunity: One Family's Quest for the American Dream in the Age of Crack


William M. Adler - 1995
    In a harrowing and brilliantly rendered book, Adler gives readers a narrative whose significance transcends the true-crime genre, gracefully weaving the story of the rise and fall of the Chambers brothers' multi-million-dollar crack empire into the larger story of the rural postagricultural South and the urban postindustrial North.

The Economic Laws of Scientific Research


Terence Kealey - 1995
    Terence Kealey argues that the free market approach rather than that of state funding has proved by far the most successful in stimulating science and innovation.

The Heart of Enterprise


Stafford Beer - 1995
    His writing is as much art as it is science. He is the most viable system I know."--Dr Russell L Ackoff, The Institute for Interactive Management, Pennsylvania, USA"If...anyone can make it [Operations Research] understandably readable and positively interesting it is Stafford Beer...everyone in management...should be grateful to him for using clear and at times elegant English and ... even elegant diagrams."-- The Economist This is the companion volume to Brain of the Firm and addresses the nature of viable systems, those capable of surviving. It does not use the neurophysiological basis elucidated in brain, but develops the same theory from first principles. This book declares that every enterprise is a system, and in particular must be a viable system. Viability is not just a matter of economic solvency; we need laws that govern the capacity of any enterprise to maintain independent existence. The Heart of Enterprise is full of examples (actual, author-generated examples) taken from management practice."I consistently find that Stafford Beer provides the most useful analytical framework for understanding and managing an enterprise--public or private. Heart of The Enterprise offers a demanding but rewarding exposition of his approach and applications."--Sir Douglas Hague, CBE

The End of Economic Man: The Origins of Totalitarianism


Peter F. Drucker - 1995
    Drucker explains and interprets fascism and Nazism as fundamental revolutions. In some ways, this book anticipated by more than a decade the existentialism that came to dominate the European political mood in the postwar period. Drucker provides a special addition to the massive literature on existentialism and alienation since World War II. The End of Economic Man is a social and political effort to explain the subjective consequences of the social upheavals caused by warfare.Drucker concentrates on one specific historical event: the breakdown of the social and political structure of Europe which culminated in the rise of Nazi totalitarianism to mastery over Europe. He explains the tragedy of Europe as the loss of political faith, resulting from the political alienation of the European masses. The End of Economic Man is a book of great social import. It shows not only what might have helped the older generation avert the catastrophe of Nazism, but also how today's generation can prevent another such catastrophe. This work will be of special interest to political scientists, intellectual historians, and sociologists.The book was singled out for praise on both sides of the Atlantic, and is considered by the author to be his most prescient effort in social theory.

Contra Keynes and Cambridge: Essays, Correspondence


Friedrich A. Hayek - 1995
    F. A. Hayek challenged one of the world's leading economists, John Maynard Keynes, and his economic theories, which sparked a spirited debate that has influenced economic policy in democractic countries for decades.F. A. Hayek (1899–1992) was awarded the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences in 1974 and the Medal of Freedom in 1991 and was one of the leading Austrian economists and political philosophers of the twentieth century.Bruce Caldwell is Professor of Economics and the Director of the Center for the History of Political Economy at Duke University. He is the current General Editor of The Collected Works of F. A. Hayek.

Simple Rules for a Complex World


Richard A. Epstein - 1995
    Countless pundits insist that any call for legal simplification smacks of nostalgia, sentimentality, or naivetE. But the conventional view, the noted legal scholar Richard Epstein tells us, has it exactly backward. The richer texture of modern society allows for more individual freedom and choice. And it allows us to organize a comprehensive legal order capable of meeting the technological and social challenges of today on the basis of just six core principles. In this book, Epstein demonstrates how.The first four rules, which regulate human interactions in ordinary social life, concern the autonomy of the individual, property, contract, and tort. Taken together these rules establish and protect consistent entitlements over all resources, both human and natural. These rules are backstopped by two more rules that permit forced exchanges on payment of just compensation when private or public necessity so dictates. Epstein then uses these six building blocks to clarify many intractable problems in the modern legal landscape. His discussion of employment contracts explains the hidden virtues of contracts at will and exposes the crippling weaknesses of laws regarding collective bargaining, unjust dismissal, employer discrimination, and comparable worth. And his analysis shows how laws governing liability for products and professional services, corporate transactions, and environmental protection have generated unnecessary social strife and economic dislocation by violating these basic principles.Simple Rules for a Complex World offers a sophisticated agenda for comprehensive social reform that undoes much of the mischief of the modern regulatory state. At a time when most Americans have come to distrust and fear government at all levels, Epstein shows how a consistent application of economic and political theory allows us to steer a middle path between too much and too little.

Institutions And Organizations


W. Richard Scott - 1995
    Dick Scott presents an historical overview of the theoretical literature, an integrative analysis of current institutional approaches, and a review of empirical research related to institutions and organizations. He offers an extensive review and critique of institutional analysis in sociology, political science, and economics as it relates to recent theory and research on organizations.

The State of Humanity


Julian L. Simon - 1995
    More than fifty scholars from all over the world present new, concise and accessible accounts of the present state of humanity and the prospects for its social and natural environment. The subjects range from deforestation, water pollution and ozone layer depletion to poverty, homelessness, mortality and murder. Each contributor considers the present situation, historical trends, likely future prospects, and the efficacy or otherwise of current activity and policy. The coverage is worldwide, with a particular emphasis on North America. The State of Humanity is a magnificent and eye-opening synthesis of cultural, social, economic and environmental perspectives. It will interest all those - including geographers, economists, sociologists and policy makers - concerned to understand some of the most pressing problems of our time.

Training for Transformation: Books 1-3


Sally Timmel - 1995
    The book has as its basic philosophy the belief that we should all participate in making this world a more just place to live in. Training for Transformation integrates the approach of Paulo Freire and how to put his method into practice, Manfred Max Neefs understanding of fundamental human needs, group methods which are essential for participatory education, organizational development, which stresses how to build structures which enable people to become self reliant, and social analysis to help groups find the root causes of problems. (Southern Edition).

Currency Forecasting: A Guide to Fundamental and Technical Models of Exchange Rate Determination


Michael R. Rosenberg - 1995
    Teaches you to decide when currencies are likely to rise or fall using analysis of balance of trade, purchasing power parity, et al. Explains the effect of interest rates, fiscal policies and central banks, and includes currency trading methods.

Microeconomic Theory


Andreu Mas-Colell - 1995
    Masterfully combining the results of years of teaching microeconomics at Harvard University, Andreu Mas-Colell, Michael Whinston, and Jerry Green have filled that conspicuous vacancy with their groundbreaking text, Microeconomic Theory.The authors set out to create a solid organizational foundation upon which to build the effective teaching tool for microeconomic theory. The result presents unprecedented depth of coverage in all the essential topics, while allowing professors to "tailor-make" their course to suit personal priorities and style. Topics such as noncooperative game theory, information economics, mechanism design, and general equilibrium under uncertainty receive the attention that reflects their stature within the discipline. The authors devote an entire section to game theory alone, making it "free-standing" to allow instructors to return to it throughout the course when convenient. Discussion is clear, accessible, and engaging, enabling the student to gradually acquire confidence as well as proficiency. Extensive exercises within each chapter help students to hone their skills, while the text's appendix of terms, fully cross-referenced throughout the previous five sections, offers an accessible guide to the subject matter's terminology. Teachers of microeconomics need no longer rely upon scattered lecture notes to supplement their textbooks. Deftly written by three of the field's most influential scholars, Microeconomic Theory brings the readability, comprehensiveness, and versatility to the first-year graduate classroom that has long been missing.

The Seven Fat Years


Robert L. Bartley - 1995
    Bartley's book defines the conservative view on this still-contentious issue, maintaining that only a return to the greedy policies of the Reagan years will guarantee America's prosperity in the future.

Selling Free Enterprise: The Business Assault on Labor and Liberalism, 1945-60


Elizabeth A. Fones-Wolf - 1995
    In Selling Free Enterprise, Elizabeth Fones-Wolf describes how conservative business leaders strove to reorient workers away from their loyalties to organized labor and government, teaching that prosperity could be achieved through reliance on individual initiative, increased productivity, and the protection of personal liberty. Based on research in a wide variety of business and labor sources, this detailed account shows how business permeated every aspect of American life, including factories, schools, churches, and community institutions.

Kropotkin: 'The Conquest of Bread' and Other Writings (Cambridge Texts in the History of Political Thought)


Pyotr Kropotkin - 1995
    The Conquest of Bread is his most detailed description of the ideal society, embodying anarchist communism, and of the social revolution that was to achieve it. Marshall Shatz's introduction to this edition traces Kropotkin's evolution as an anarchist, from his origins in the Russian aristocracy to his disillusionment with the Russian Revolution, and the volume also includes a hitherto untranslated chapter from his classic Memoirs of a Revolutionist, which contains colourful character-sketches of some of his fellow anarchists, as well as an article he wrote summarising the history of anarchism, and some of his views on the Revolution.

Reflections on Leadership: How Robert K. Greenleaf's Theory of Servant-Leadership Influenced Today's Top Management Thinkers


Larry C. Spears - 1995
    Greenleaf's ideas are the watershed for today's empowerment movement in business leadership, and his thinking has inspired a cross section of America's foremost management gurus. Offers a fresh look at Greenleaf's revolutionary concept of servant leadership. Contains his most important essays as well as writings by his prominent business and intellectual disciples including M. Scott Peck and Peter Senge.

Tax Racket


Martin L. Gross - 1995
    Gross alerted the nation to government waste, corruption, and the shocking squandering of public funds. But an even deeper and more pervasive problem is crippling America's economy and undermining our nation's strength: excessive and unfair taxes. Through spiraling federal, state, and local taxes, our government is literally robbing us blind right under our noses--and it's time we opened our eyes to the truth. In comprehensive chapters from A to Z (Audits to Zoning), The Tax Racket exposes exactly what's wrong with our present tax system, including:Taxpayer Rights? You don't have many. The Constitution supposedly protects us against search and seizure of our papers and property, but the IRS couldn't care less.Airline and Airport Taxes--these federal taxes on every plane flight are not only kept secret from you, but much of these billions that go into Washington's general slush fund are not even used for better air travel.X-tortion Oddities--our governments levy taxes for all sorts of things you've never heard of--from "mall taxes" to "use taxes" to "snack taxes" to 66 "excise taxes"--but you pay them anyway.Earned Income Tax Credit--this program, billed as an aid to the working poor, is actually the biggest fiscal assault ever launched on the beleaguered American middle class.Social Security--the more the government hauls in your FICA taxes, the faster it spends that money on everything else, from welfare to farm subsidies to the President's salary. The result? Social Security will be bankrupt when the baby boomers retire.But it doesn't have to be this way. The Tax Racket lays out a clear and workable plan to fix it--by abolishing all federal, state, and city income taxes and replacing them with a fair and equitable national sales tax that will reduce the tax burden on everyone. Nothing gets American citizens angrier than the excessive and overlapping taxes forced down their throats. This honest, eye-opening book is a call to arms to bust the tax racket before it breaks the backbone of our nation.It's time to say goodbye to filing, penalties, interest, audits, and fear!STOP TAKING OUR MONEY!

The Essence of Becker


Ramon Febrero - 1995
    Becker the Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences in 1992. As the first published collection of Becker's papers, this selection offers an overview of the fundamental theries and unorthodox applications that inspired Milton Friedman to call Becker "one of the most creative economists of our generation" and concludes with the text of Becker's Nobel lecture, a personal survey of his work.Becker's significant contributions evolve from an economic approach to analyzing social issues that range beyond those usually considered by economists. By questioning assumptions taken for granted in most economic modeling, Becker sheds new light on previously unconnected and poorly understood social phenomena. He relies on this singular axiom: all actors in the social game are economic persons who maximize their advantages in different cost situations. In these essays, Becker studies persistent racial and sexual discrimination investment in human capital, crime and punishment, marriage and divorce, the family, drug addiction, and other apparently noneconomic dimensions of society. Significantly, Becker's findings not only shift huge problems that other social scientists once considered immovable but also stand up to empirical challenge.

The Medical Mafia


Guylaine Lanctot - 1995
    Expose of medical wrongdoings and how alternative methods hold the key.

The Retirement Myth


Craig S. Karpel - 1995
    Focusing on what many pundits believe will be the next major crisis facing our country, this pithy examination of the Social Security system reports on how the downfall of the retirement state and the end of old age as we know it will affect both the workplace and society as a whole.

Rediscovering Palestine: Merchants and Peasants in Jabal Nablus, 1700-1900


Beshara Doumani - 1995
    Through the voices of merchants, peasants, and Ottoman officials, Beshara Doumani offers a major revision of standard interpretations of Ottoman history by investigating the ways in which urban-rural dynamics in a provincial setting appropriated and gave meaning to the larger forces of Ottoman rule and European economic expansion. He traces the relationship between culture, politics, and economic change by looking at how merchant families constructed trade networks and cultivated political power, and by showing how peasants defined their identity and formulated their notions of justice and political authority.Original and accessible, this study challenges nationalist constructions of history and provides a context for understanding the Palestinian-Israeli conflict. It is also the first comprehensive work on the Nablus region, Palestine's trade, manufacturing, and agricultural heartland, and a bastion of local autonomy. Doumani rediscovers Palestine by writing the inhabitants of this ancient land into history.

Myth and Measurement: The New Economics of the Minimum Wage


David Card - 1995
    Krueger have already made national news with their pathbreaking research on the minimum wage. Here they present a powerful new challenge to the conventional view that higher minimum wages reduce jobs for low-wage workers. In a work that has important implications for public policy as well as for the direction of economic research, the authors put standard economic theory to the test, using data from a series of recent episodes, including the 1992 increase in New Jersey's minimum wage, the 1988 rise in California's minimum wage, and the 1990-91 increases in the federal minimum wage. In each case they present a battery of evidence showing that increases in the minimum wage lead to increases in pay, but no loss in jobs. A distinctive feature of Card and Krueger's research is the use of empirical methods borrowed from the natural sciences, including comparisons between the "treatment" and "control" groups formed when the minimum wage rises for some workers but not for others. In addition, the authors critically reexamine the previous literature on the minimum wage and find that it, too, lacks support for the claim that a higher minimum wage cuts jobs. Finally, the effects of the minimum wage on family earnings, poverty outcomes, and the stock market valuation of low-wage employers are documented. Overall, this book calls into question the standard model of the labor market that has dominated economists' thinking on the minimum wage. In addition, it will shift the terms of the debate on the minimum wage in Washington and in state legislatures throughout the country.

The Fractured Metropolis: Improving The New City, Restoring The Old City, Reshaping The Region


Jonathan Barnett - 1995
    Targeted at architects, students, urban designers and planners, landscape architects, and city and regional officials, The Fractured Metropolis provides a thorough analysis of not only cities but also the entire metropolitan region, considering how both are intrinsically linked and influence one other.

Buddhism in Chinese Society: An Economic History from the Fifth to the Tenth Centuries


Jacques Gernet - 1995
    Here, for the first time, it is available to English-language readers in an updated edition. The fifth through tenth centuries were the period of the greatest expansion of the Buddhist Church in China. Monastic estates controlled a sizeable share of the economy, owning a considerable amount of land and agricultural and manufacturing enterprises. Gernet examines the religious and economic aspects of the society dominated by this power, and explores the Church's effect on Chinese thought and culture. A much broader historical overview than many works that discuss the economic intricacies of Buddhism in China, Buddhism in Chinese Society interweaves an understanding of social and political organization, Buddhist religious philosophy and doctrine, legal tenets, customs of the day, and many other significant layers of Chinese culture. Drawing largely upon primary sources - from the work of official Chinese historians to the writings of Buddhist monks - Gernet demonstrates the far-reaching influence of Buddhism on the economic development of China during a time when the religion was growing at an unprecedented rate among all levels of society. Buddhism in Chinese Society looks at state and imperial policy but also delves into the lives of villagers far away from the major centers of religious and economic power. Translated and revised by respected scholar of Chinese religions Franciscus Verellen, who has worked closely with Gernet, this edition includes new references, an extensive, up-to-date bibliography, and a comprehensive index.

Development, Geography, and Economic Theory


Paul Krugman - 1995
    Backhouse, "The Economic Journal" "A stimulating essay by one of the world's most thoughtful and innovative economists.

The Economic Sociology of Immigration: Essays on Networks, Ethnicity, and Entrepreneurship


Alejandro Portes - 1995
    Alejandro Portes's overview of sociological approaches to economic phenomena provides the framework for six wide-ranging investigations into ethnic and immigrant labor networks and social resources, entrepreneurship, and cultural assimilation. Mark Granovetter illustrates how small businesses built on the supposedly archaic bonds of ethnicity and kinship can not only survive in a modern economy but, under certain conditions, flourish remarkably well. Bryan R. Roberts demonstrates how immigrant groups' expectations of the duration of their stay influence their propensity toward entrepreneurship. Ivan Light and Carolyn Rosenstein chart how specific metropolitan environments have stimulated or impeded entrepreneurial ventures in five ethnic populations. Saskia Sassen provides a revealing analysis of the unexpectedly flexible labor market networks maintained between immigrants and their native countries, while M. Patricia Fernandez Kelly looks specifically at the black inner city to examine how insular cultural values - particularly views on adolescent pregnancy - hinder the acquisition of skills and jobs outside the neighborhood. Alejandro Portes also discusses cultural maladaptation in the inner city, depicting the clash between the attitudes of American-born youths and those of recent immigrants, and its effects on the economic success of immigrant children.

Environmental Accounting: Emergy and Environmental Decision Making


Howard T. Odum - 1995
    Odum describes, in layman terms, the concept of emergy as a means of placing the value of commodities, services and environmental goods of various types on a common basis. He outlines the procedure for making an emergy evaluation table to assess environments, minerals, waters, primary energy sources, economic developments, nations and international trade.

Small Property versus Big Government: Social Origins of the Property Tax Revolt, Expanded and Updated edition


Y. H. Lo Clarence - 1995
    Clarence Lo's investigation of California's Proposition 13 and other tax reduction bills is both a tribute and a warning to people who get "mad as hell" and try to do something about being pushed around by government. Homeowners in California, faced with impossible property tax bills in the 1970s, got mad and pushed back, starting an avalanche that swept tax limitation measures into state after state. What we learn is that, although the property tax was slashed, two-thirds of the benefits went to business owners rather than homeowners.How did a crusade launched by homeowning consumers seeking tax relief end up as a pro-business, supply-side political program? To trace the transformation, Lo uses the firsthand recollections of 120 activists in the movement, going back to the 1950s. He shows how their protests were ignored, until a suburban alliance of upper-middle-class property owners and business owners took charge. It was the program of that latter group, not the plight of the moderate-income homeowner, which inspired tax revolts across the nation and shaped the economic policies of the Reagan administration.

God Wants You to Be Rich: How and Why Everyone Can Enjoy Material and Spiritual Wealth in Our Abundant World


Paul Zane Pilzer - 1995
    A theology of economics, this book explores why God wants each of us to be rich in every way -- physically, emotionally, and financially -- and shows the way to prosperity, well-being, and peace of mind. Pilzer explains that the foundation of our economic system is based on our Judeo-Christian heritage and includes chapters on a variety of financial issues from outsourcing and unemployment to the rise of technology and real estate.  Table of Contents1. God Wants You to Be Rich2. The Covenant3. The Search for Camelot4. Economic Alchemy5. What's Happening to Our Jobs6. The Workplace of the 21st Century7. Money8. Government9. LeadershipAppendix: The Principles and Six Laws of Economic Alchemy

Saturday Sancocho


Leyla Torres - 1995
    But one Saturday they discover that there is nothing in the house except eggs, and Maria Lili wonders how they will ever be able to have their favorite meal. Mama Ana has a plan, though, and taking the eggs with her, she invites Maria Lili to come to the market. Somehow, Mama Ana has a way to make chicken sancocho with eggs, and Maria Lili can't wait to find out how.Bold, cheerful watercolors evoke the busy atmosphere of the village markets of Central and South America. Also included in the book is a recipe for chicken sancocho from the author's family.

Why Not Freedom!: America's Revolt Against Big Government


James Ronald Kennedy - 1995
    In spite of the separation of powers establishedby the Constitution, many of our current laws are written by bureaucrats, administered by them, and finally judged by them-yet they are in opposition tothose freedoms set forth by the Constitution.The book details the historical development of the federal government. Itdescribes how the American middle class has been abandoned by those who controlthe federal government. Career insiders, since the days of Franklin D.Roosevelt, have used their influence and power to promote their love of big, tax-and-spend, centralized government and a radical social ideology, whileproviding high paying taxpayer-funded jobs for themselves. Further chaptersoutline the loss of inalienable rights in so many areas of life.Twenty-four examples of constitutional usurpation are thoroughly explored.Finally, techniques are suggested whereby citizens can organize to restore thefreedoms originally guaranteed by the Constitution.James Ronald Kennedy was elected as commander for the Louisiana division ofthe Sons of Confederate Veterans for the years 1989-92 and regularlyparticipates in Civil War re-enactments. Walter Donald Kennedy is the recipientof the Distinguished Service Medal of the National Sons of ConfederateVeterans. Their other books are The South Was Right! andWas Jefferson Davis Right?, both published by Pelican.

Real Freedom for All


Philippe van Parijs - 1995
    Freedom is of paramount importance. These two convictions are widely shared across the world, yet they seem to be completely contradictory with each other. Fighting inequality jeopardizes freedom, and taking freedom seriously boosts inequality. Can this conflict be resolved? In this ground-breaking book, Philippe Van Parijs sets out a new and compelling case for a just society. Assessing and rejecting the claims of both socialism and conventional capitalism, he presents a clear and compelling alternative vision of the just society: a capitalist society offering a substantial and unconditional basic income to all its members. Not just an exercise in political theory, this book goes on to show what his ideal of a free society means in the real world by drawing out its policy implications. It will be essential reading for anyone concerned about the just society and the welfare state as we move into the twenty-first century.

Communist Logistics in the Korean War


Charles R. Shrader - 1995
    The author examines the performance of the Communist logistical system from June 1950 to July 1953, explaining the failure of the United Nations air interdiction campaign in terms of the constant improvement of Communist logistical capabilities. The author concludes that the United Nations air force damaged, but was unable to destroy, the Communist distribution system. The North Koreans and Chinese Communists were able to supply their front line units sufficiently to enable them to conduct a strong static defense, which prevented a United Nations victory, and in the last months of the war, to mount strong, sustained offensive actions.

Good Order: Right Answers to Contemporary Questions


Brad Miner - 1995
    From Charles Murray on the power of community, to Richard John Neuhaus on the role of religion, to James Q. Wilson and George Kelling on urban crime, to Thomas Sowell on the implications of multiculturalism, Good Order sets the agenda for today's conservative. In the variety of its contributors and the scope of its subject matter, this collection provides a fascinating overview of the broad - and surprising - range of ideas that constitute the conservative movement as we move into the next century. Whether you are a conservative gearing up for the next election and want the right ammunition, or are undecided and want to know where conservatives stand on the key questions of our time, Good Order is the right book to discover the Right's best ideas.