Best of
Science

1981

Principles of Neural Science


Eric R. Kandel - 1981
    It discusses neuroanatomy, cell and molecular mechanisms and signaling through a cognitive approach to behaviour. It features an expanded treatment of the nervous system, neurological and psychiatric diseases and perception.

Introduction to Electrodynamics


David J. Griffiths - 1981
    This work offers accesible coverage of the fundamentals of electrodynamics, enhanced with with discussion points, examples and exercises.

The Soul of a New Machine


Tracy Kidder - 1981
    Tracy Kidder got a preview of this world in the late 1970s when he observed the engineers of Data General design and build a new 32-bit minicomputer in just one year. His thoughtful, prescient book, The Soul of a New Machine, tells stories of 35-year-old "veteran" engineers hiring recent college graduates and encouraging them to work harder and faster on complex and difficult projects, exploiting the youngsters' ignorance of normal scheduling processes while engendering a new kind of work ethic.These days, we are used to the "total commitment" philosophy of managing technical creation, but Kidder was surprised and even a little alarmed at the obsessions and compulsions he found. From in-house political struggles to workers being permitted to tease management to marathon 24-hour work sessions, The Soul of a New Machine explores concepts that already seem familiar, even old-hat, less than 20 years later. Kidder plainly admires his subjects; while he admits to hopeless confusion about their work, he finds their dedication heroic. The reader wonders, though, what will become of it all, now and in the future. —Rob Lightner

After Man: A Zoology of the Future


Dougal Dixon - 1981
    Looking 50 million years into the future, this text explores the possible development or extinction of the animal world through the eyes of the time-traveller.

Chickens Aren't the Only Ones: A Book About Animals that Lay Eggs


Ruth Heller - 1981
    Ruth Heller's prose and pictures are the perfect means for discovering the variety of oviparous animals and their unique ways of laying eggs.

National Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Butterflies


Robert Michael Pyle - 1981
    It features a durable vinyl biding, color plates visually arranged by shape and color, and thumb-tab silhouettes for quick and easy identification of butterflies in the field. The species account for each butterfly provides measurements, descriptions of each stage of the life cycle, and information on coloring or distinguishing markings, flight period, habitat, and range.

Under the Influence: A Guide to the Myths and Realities of Alcoholism


James R. Milam - 1981
    Based on groundbreaking scientific research, Under The Influence examine the physical factors that set alcoholics and non-alcoholics apart, and suggests a bold, stigma-free way of understanding and treating the alcoholic.How to tell if someone you know is an alcoholic.The progressive stages of alcoholism.How to get an alcoholic into treatment -- and how to choose a treatment program.Why frequently prescribed drugs can be dangerous -- even fatal -- for alcoholics.How to ensure a lasting recovery.

Genesis and Development of a Scientific Fact


Ludwik Fleck - 1981
    Arguing that every scientific concept and theory—including his own—is culturally conditioned, Fleck was appreciably ahead of his time. And as Kuhn observes in his foreword, "Though much has occurred since its publication, it remains a brilliant and largely unexploited resource.""To many scientists just as to many historians and philosophers of science facts are things that simply are the case: they are discovered through properly passive observation of natural reality. To such views Fleck replies that facts are invented, not discovered. Moreover, the appearance of scientific facts as discovered things is itself a social construction, a made thing. A work of transparent brilliance, one of the most significant contributions toward a thoroughly sociological account of scientific knowledge."—Steven Shapin, Science

Taking the Quantum Leap: The New Physics for Nonscientists


Fred Alan Wolf - 1981
    This humanized view of science opens up the mind-stretching visions of how quantum mechanics, God, human thought, and will are related, and provides profound implications for our understanding of the nature of reality and our relationship to the cosmos.

An Introduction to Behavioural Ecology


Nicholas B. Davies - 1981
    In this edition, new examples are introduced throughout, many illustrated with full color photographs. In addition, important new topics are added including the latest techniques of comparative analysis, the theory and application of DNA fingerprinting techniques, extensive new discussion on brood parasite/host coevolution, the latest ideas on sexual selection in relation to disease resistance, and a new section on the intentionality of communication. Written in the lucid style for which these two authors are renowned, the text is enhanced by boxed sections illustrating important concepts and new marginal notes that guide the reader through the text. This book will be essential reading for students taking courses in behavioral ecology.The leading introductory text from the two most prominent workers in the field.Second colour in the text.New section of four colour plates.Boxed sections to ilustrate difficult and important points.New larger format with marginal notes to guide the reader through the text.Selected further reading at the end of each chapter.

Sky Atlas 2000.0 Deluxe


Wil Tirion - 1981
    Includes close-up charts of such areas as the celestial poles and the Virgo-Coma galaxy region, as well as an acetate coordinate-grid overlay for determining accurate positions. A must for any stargazer! Deluxe Unlaminated Version: Stars are black, while deep-sky objects are color-coded by type for easy identification. Fold out charts in a 12 by 16 inch book (charts unfold to 21 by 16 inches), spiralbound. Click on the version you want and click Buy. You may choose more than one version.

The Universal History of Numbers: From Prehistory to the Invention of the Computer


Georges Ifrah - 1981
    A riveting history of counting and calculating, from the time of the cave dwellers to the twentieth century, this fascinating volume brings numbers to thrilling life, explaining their development in human terms, the intriguing situations that made them necessary, and the brilliant achievements in human thought that they made possible. It takes us through the numbers story from Europe to China, via ancient Greece and Rome, Mesopotamia, Latin America, India, and the Arabic countries. Exploring the many ways civilizations developed and changed their mathematical systems, Ifrah imparts a unique insight into the nature of human thought–and into how our understanding of numbers and the ways they shape our lives have changed and grown over thousands of years.

The Grand Tour: A Traveler's Guide to the Solar System


Ron Miller - 1981
    These are not inventions of fantasy or science fiction, but are places that really exist-in our own solar system.Now with 190,000 copies in print, here is a spectacular Grand Tour of the solar system featuring a unique blend of science and art-photographs along with dazzling full-color paintings, drawings, and maps based on years of astronomer William Hartmann's research, personal observation, and interviews with colleagues. In text and diagrams, too, The Grand Tour explains how the strange and uncanny worlds on the journeys came to be, and what it would be like to actually set foot upon them today. The book includes an atlas of the planets and their satellites, and of the Earth's moon. Complete with a selection of previously unpublished photographs taken by the Apollo astronauts, and by the Mariner, Viking, and Pioneer planetary probes, The Grand Tour is unique and breathtaking, majestic and eerie, and wonderful, taking the reader to more, and to the beyond. Selection of the Book-of-the-Month Club, Quality Paperback Book Club, and Newbridge Book Club.

The Expanding Circle: Ethics and Sociobiology


Peter Singer - 1981
    But if evolution is a struggle for survival, why are we still capable of altruism? In his classic study "The Expanding Circle," Peter Singer argues that altruism began as a genetically based drive to protect one's kin and community members but has developed into a consciously chosen ethic with an expanding circle of moral concern. Drawing on philosophy and evolutionary psychology, he demonstrates that human ethics cannot be explained by biology alone. Rather, it is our capacity for reasoning that makes moral progress possible. In a new afterword, Singer takes stock of his argument in light of recent research on the evolution of morality.

The Reenchantment of the World


Morris Berman - 1981
    Focusing on the rise of the mechanistic idea that we can know the natural world only by distancing ourselves from it, Berman shows how science acquired its controlling position in the consciousness of the West. He analyzes the holistic, animistic tradition--destroyed in the wake of Scientific Revolution of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries--which viewed man as a participant in the cosmos, not as an isolated observer. Arguing that the holistic world view must be revived in some credible form before we destroy our society and our environment, he explores the possibilities for a consciousness appropriate to the modern era. Ecological rather than animistic, this new world view would be grounded in the real and intimate connection between man and nature.

The Dinosaurs: A Fantastic New View of a Lost Era


William Stout - 1981
    Dinosaurs that are swift, stunning, scary and stupendous, presented in a lavish format with over seventy pages of full color illustrations and dozens in black and white. Using the latest paleontological research, The Dinosaurs presents a scientifically accurate and fantastic new look at the way dinosaurs lived: how they moved, ate, dueled, drank and even made love. From ten ton brontosaurs to thirty foot hadrosaurs, here is a story more fantastic that fantasy itself.

National Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Seashells


National Audubon Society - 1981
    The photographs are arranged by shape and color, making identification quick and easy.

Modern Compressible Flow: With Historical Perspective


John D. Anderson Jr. - 1981
    In keeping with previous versions, the 3rd edition uses numerous historical vignettes that show the evolution of the field. New pedagogical features--"Roadmaps" showing the development of a given topic, and "Design Boxes" giving examples of design decisions--will make the 3rd edition even more practical and user-friendly than before. The 3rd edition strikes a careful balance between classical methods of determining compressible flow, and modern numerical and computer techniques (such as CFD) now used widely in industry & research. A new Book Website will contain all problem solutions for instructors.

The Insect World of J. Henri Fabre (Harper nature library)


Edwin W. Teale - 1981
    Edwin Way Teale's selection of the most compelling of Fabre's writing makes The Insect World of J. Henri Fabre the essential edition of the writer Darwin called "the incomparable observer."

National Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Seashore Creatures


Norman A. Meinkoth - 1981
    Arrangement by shape and by color makes identification quick and easy. 666 species are covered in full detail.

The Foundations of Ethology


Konrad Lorenz - 1981
    It is all the more welcome because such a grand theme as ethology calls for a range of perspectives. One reason is the overarching scope of the subject. Two great questions about life that constitute much of biology are "How does it work (structure and function)?" and "How did it get that way (evolu tion and ontogeny)?" Ethology addresses the antecedent of "it. " Of what are we trying to explain the mechanism and development? Surely behav ior, in all its wealth of detail, variation, causation, and control, is the main achievement of animal evolution, the essential consequence of animal structure and function, the raison d' etre of all the rest. Ethology thus spans between and overlaps with the ever-widening circles of ecol ogy over the eons and the ever-narrowing focus of physiology of the neurons. Another reason why the history of ethology needs perspectives is the recency of its acceptance. For such an obviously major aspect of animal biology, it is curious how short a time-less than three decades-has seen the excitement of an active field and a substantial fraternity of work ers, the addition of professors and courses to departments and curricula in biology (still far from universal}, and the normal complement of spe cial journals, symposia, and sessions at congresses."

Symbol and the Symbolic: Ancient Egypt, Science, and the Evolution of Consciousness


R.A. Schwaller de Lubicz - 1981
    Symbolism is the intuitive means of overcoming the limitations of reason.? Here Schwaller explains how true progress in human thought can be made only if we call upon the "symbolizing" faculty of intelligence, developed and refined in the temple culture of ancient Egypt and reflected in its hieroglyphs.

Maps of the Mind


Charles Hampden-Turner - 1981
    The author presents the first comprehensive attempt to collect, describe, and draw in map form the most important concepts of the human mind.

Infinity and the Mind: The Science and Philosophy of the Infinite


Rudy Rucker - 1981
    Rucker acquaints us with Godel's rotating universe, in which it is theoretically possible to travel into the past, and explains an interpretation of quantum mechanics in which billions of parallel worlds are produced every microsecond. It is in the realm of infinity, he maintains, that mathematics, science, and logic merge with the fantastic. By closely examining the paradoxes that arise from this merging, we can learn a great deal about the human mind, its powers, and its limitations.Using cartoons, puzzles, and quotations to enliven his text, Rucker guides us through such topics as the paradoxes of set theory, the possibilities of physical infinities, and the results of Godel's incompleteness theorems. His personal encounters with Godel the mathematician and philosopher provide a rare glimpse at genius and reveal what very few mathematicians have dared to admit: the transcendent implications of Platonic realism.

Bad Blood: The Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment


James H. Jones - 1981
    The Tuskegee Study had nothing to do with treatment. Its purpose was to trace the spontaneous evolution of the disease in order to learn how syphilis affected black subjects.The men were not told they had syphilis; they were not warned about what the disease might do to them; and, with the exception of a smattering of medication during the first few months, they were not given health care. Instead of the powerful drugs they required, they were given aspirin for their aches and pains. Health officials systematically deceived the men into believing they were patients in a government study of “bad blood”, a catch-all phrase black sharecroppers used to describe a host of illnesses. At the end of this 40 year deathwatch, more than 100 men had died from syphilis or related complications.“Bad Blood” provides compelling answers to the question of how such a tragedy could have been allowed to occur. Tracing the evolution of medical ethics and the nature of decision making in bureaucracies, Jones attempted to show that the Tuskegee Study was not, in fact, an aberration, but a logical outgrowth of race relations and medical practice in the United States.Now, in this revised edition of “Bad Blood”, Jones traces the tragic consequences of the Tuskegee Study over the last decade. A new introduction explains why the Tuskegee Study has become a symbol of black oppression and a metaphor for medical neglect, inspiring a prize-winning play, a Nova special, and a motion picture. A new concluding chapter shows how the black community's wide-spread anger and distrust caused by the Tuskegee Study has hampered efforts by health officials to combat AIDS in the black community. “Bad Blood” was nominated for the Pulitzer Prize and was one of the “N.Y. Times” 12 best books of the year.

Quantum Mechanics


Albert Messiah - 1981
    this great work ought to be mastered by every postgraduate research student in theoretical physics ... there is no other book like it." — Proceedings of the Physical Society (England)Simple enough for students yet sufficiently comprehensive to serve as a reference for working physicists, this classic text initially appeared as a two-volume French edition and is now available in this convenient, all-in-one-book English translation. Formalism and its interpretation receive a detailed treatment in the first volume, starting with the origins of quantum theory and examinations of matter waves and the Schrodinger equation, one-dimensional quantized systems, the uncertainty relations, and the mathematical framework and physical content of formalism. An analysis of simple systems includes a look at the separation of variables, scattering problems and phase shifts, the Coulomb interaction, and the harmonic oscillator. Volume II begins with an exploration of symmetries and invariance, including a consideration of angular momentum, identical particles and the Pauli exclusion principle, invariance and conservation laws, and time reversal. Methods of approximation discussed include those involving stationary perturbations, the equation of motion, variational method, and collision theory. The final chapters review the elements of relativistic quantum mechanics, and each volume concludes with useful appendixes.The book has been hailed for the clarity and coherence of its presentation, and its scrupulous attention to detail.

The Woman That Never Evolved


Sarah Blaffer Hrdy - 1981
    Surprising to those feminists who mistakenly think that biology can only work against women. And surprising to those biologists who incorrectly believe that natural selection operates only on males.In The Woman That Never Evolved we are introduced to our nearest female relatives competitive, independent, sexually assertive primates who have every bit as much at stake in the evolutionary game as their male counterparts do. These females compete among themselves for rank and resources, but will bond together for mutual defense. They risk their lives to protect their young, yet consort with the very male who murdered their offspring when successful reproduction depends upon it. They tolerate other breeding females if food is plentiful, but chase them away when monogamy is the optimal strategy. When "promiscuity" is an advantage, female primates--like their human cousins--exhibit a sexual appetite that ensures a range of breeding partners. From case after case we are led to the conclusion that the sexually passive, noncompetitive, all-nurturing woman of prevailing myth never could have evolved within the primate order.Yet males are almost universally dominant over females in primate species, and Homo sapiens is no exception. As we see from this book, women are in some ways the most oppressed of all female primates. Sarah Blaffer Hrdy is convinced that to redress sexual inequality in human societies, we must first understand its evolutionary origins. We cannot travel back in time to meet our own remote ancestors, but we can study those surrogates we have--the other living primates. If women --and not biology--are to control their own destiny, they must understand the past and, as this book shows us, the biological legacy they have inherited.

A-Level Physics


Roger Muncaster - 1981
    New 'Consolidation' sections and questions designed to provide a link between GCSE and A-level feature in the text.At the end of each section there are many questions - ideal for consolidation and revision - mainly from past A-level examination papers. Over 15 of these past-paper questions have been added in the Fourth Edition. Answers are included.

The Complete Problem Solver


John R. Hayes - 1981
    It is designed to provide readers with skills that will make them better problem solvers and to give up-to-date information about the psychology of problem solving.Professor Hayes provides students and professionals with practical, tested methods of defining, representing, and solving problems. Each discussion of the important aspects of human problem solving is supported by the most current research on the psychology problem solving.The Complete Problem Solver, Second Edition features: *Valuable learning strategies;*Decision making methods;*Discussions of the nature of creativity and invention, and*A new chapter on writing.The Complete Problem Solver utilizes numerous examples, diagrams, illustrations, and charts to help any reader become better at problem solving. See the order form for the answer to the problem below.

Vanished Civilizations


Reader's Digest Association - 1981
    Mining the latest archaeological evidence, "Vanished Civilizations" brings long forgotten communities and their amazing accomplishments again to life -- with vivid immediacy and richly intimate insights.More than 370 full-color illustrations, including detailed maps, specially commissioned reconstructions and photographs of artifacts, reveal the wonders of 40 rediscovered cities.Capturing the thrill of scholar-detectives on the hunt and the intricate work of excavations, the journey opens windows on intriguing, complex societies dating back to 10,000 B.C. Organized chronologically, exciting stops include: -- Catal Huyuk, the world's oldest city, discovered beneath Turkey only 20 years ago-- Mycenae, where the legendary Trojan War was actually fought-- Babylon, where the prophet Daniel interpreted the writing on the wall-- Olympia, original site of the world-famous games recently played in Salt Lake City-- Pataliputra, jewel of the Ganges, defended by war elephants and "Amazonian" guards-- The Henueberg, with a fortress built of sun-dried bricks deep in the dark German forestSidebars trace the development of commerce, the written word, warfare and technology over thousands of years.

Mathematics and the Physical World


Morris Kline - 1981
    . . . This is an enlarging and a brilliant book." ― Scientific American"Dr. Morris Kline has succeeded brilliantly in explaining the nature of much that is basic in math, and how it is used in science." ― San Francisco ChronicleSince the major branches of mathematics grew and expanded in conjunction with science, the most effective way to appreciate and understand mathematics is in terms of the study of nature. Unfortunately, the relationship of mathematics to the study of nature is neglected in dry, technique-oriented textbooks, and it has remained for Professor Morris Kline to describe the simultaneous growth of mathematics and the physical sciences in this remarkable book.In a manner that reflects both erudition and enthusiasm, the author provides a stimulating account of the development of basic mathematics from arithmetic, algebra, geometry, and trigonometry, to calculus, differential equations, and the non-Euclidean geometries. At the same time, Dr. Kline shows how mathematics is used in optics, astronomy, motion under the law of gravitation, acoustics, electromagnetism, and other phenomena. Historical and biographical materials are also included, while mathematical notation has been kept to a minimum. This is an excellent presentation of mathematical ideas from the time of the Greeks to the modern era. It will be of great interest to the mathematically inclined high school and college student, as well as to any reader who wants to understand ― perhaps for the first time ― the true greatness of mathematical achievements.

The Washing Away of Wrongs: Forensic Medicine in Thirteenth-Century China


Tz'u Sung - 1981
    Written as a guide for magistrates in conducting inquests, the book is a major source on early Chinese knowledge of pathology and morbid anatomy. Includes a lengthy introductory essay by the translator.

Physiology of Behavior


Neil R. Carlson - 1981
    Carlson's Seventh Edition of Physiology of Behavior continues its tradition as the most comprehensive, current, and teachable book for physiological psychology. This classic incorporates the latest discoveries in the rapidly changing fields of neuroscience and physiological psychology and offers the most comprehensive and integrative coverage of research and theory in contemporary behavioral neuroscience. Thoughtfully organized, it offers scholarly-yet-accessible coverage and effectively emphasizes the dynamic interaction between biology and behavior. Collaboration with a talented artist has provided beautiful, accurate, and informative full-color illustrations that further enhance the appeal to both students and professors alike. For anyone interested in physiological psychology or biological psychology.

Guide to the Birds of Alaska


Robert H. Armstrong - 1981
    Completely updated text and all new photographs from Robert Armstrong distinguish this fifth edition. Every bird will be illustrated including the casuals and accidentals. This comprehensive guide provides the most current knowledge about the birds in Alaska, including the 478 species on the 2007 list (up from 457 in the previous edition).

Clinical Neurology for Psychiatrists


David Myland Kaufman - 1981
    First it reviews anatomic neurology, describes how to approach patients with suspected neurologic disorders and correlates physical signs. Then it addresses clinical areas such as relevant history, easily performed examinations, differential diagnosis, and management approaches, and reviews psychiatric comorbidity. Abundant line drawings, CTs, MRIs, and EEGs demonstrate key clinical findings to facilitate diagnosis. And, more than 1,600 review questions help you to test and enhance your mastery of the material.

The Evolution of Human Sexuality


Donald Symons - 1981
    The Evolution of Human Sexuality adds fuel to the fire. Symons's thesis is that some of the typical differences between men and women in sexual behaviors, attitudes and feelings are innate: identical rearing of males and females will not result in identical sexualities.Anthropology, Sexual Studies, Psychology, Sociology, Gender and Cultural Studies

Missing Time


Budd Hopkins - 1981
    In INTRUDERS Budd Hopkins explored the shocking truth about the contact between earthling and alien: that human beings are temporarily abducted and taken aboard UFOs. But Hopkins could not have told the stories of those victims without first having discovered the one experience common to all who report alien encounters -- the phenomenon known as "missing time."MISSING TIME tells how the people who have experienced abductions retained no memory of them -- all traces of the trauma were effectively erased from their memory. Yet, under hypnosis, many abductees were able to recall in vivid, convincing detail, the harrowing experiments that left mysterious scars on their bodies, the eerie interiors of UFOs where they were held captive, and the astonishing faces of their alien hosts.The stories of seven victims of these otherworldly intruders are told here -- in detail at once dispassionate and dramatic, fully supported by scientific documentation. They are stories that could belong to anyone: your neighbors, your loved ones, even you.

Caverns


Kevin O'Donnell Jr. - 1981
    O'Donnell. As the title implies, the focus is on a character named McGill Feighan. In this first book, the origin of McGill and the start of his adventerous life is revealed. "Caverns" is at first a light-hearted read, but you soon find yourself drawn into the life of the hero, his triumphs and despair. McGill is a "flinger", a person who can teleport anything (himself, other people, things) anywhere that he's been before. But even for a flinger, he does not lead a normal life due to unusual events in his life, when he was a newborn. Much of the story revolves around McGill's growing-up and learning to deal with his powers, as well as the assortment of people and aliens that take an interest in his life (both good and bad).

Red Star in Orbit


James Edward Oberg - 1981
    AcknowledgmentsForewordAt home in orbitThe birth of SputnikThe Nedelin catastropheMan & woman in space The Voskhod folliesDeath & disaster The mooon-race cover-up The long climb back Secret space cities The Salyut-6 breakthroughThrough the Zero-G barrierThings to comeAppendicesBiographiesGuest CosmonautsSoviet Man-Related Space ShotsAnnotated BibliographySources of Current InformationOpen QuestionsIndex

Egyptian Mysteries: New Light on Ancient Knowledge


Lucie Lamy - 1981
    The distinguished authors bring a wealth of knowledge, visionary thinking, and accessible writing to each intriguing subject in these lavishly illustrated, large-format paperback books.

The Ecology of Human Development: Experiments by Nature and Design


Urie Bronfenbrenner - 1981
    His book offers an important blueprint for constructing a new and ecologically valid psychology of development.

Software Engineering Economics


Barry Boehm - 1981
    Software Engineering Economics is an invaluable guide to determining software costs, applying the fundamental concepts of microeconomics to software engineering, and utilizing economic analysis in software engineering decision making.

Stochastic Processes in Physics and Chemistry (North-Holland Personal Library)


N.G. Van Kampen - 1981
    The main difference with the second edition is that the contrived application of the quantum master equation in section 6 of chapter XVII has been replaced with a satisfactory treatment of quantum fluctuations. Apart from that throughout the text corrections have been made and a number of references to later developments have been included. From the recent textbooks the following are the most relevant. C.W.Gardiner, Quantum Optics (Springer, Berlin 1991)D.T. Gillespie, Markov Processes (Academic Press, San Diego 1992)W.T. Coffey, Yu.P.Kalmykov, and J.T.Waldron, The Langevin Equation (2nd edition, World Scientific, 2004) * Comprehensive coverage of fluctuations and stochastic methods for describing them* A must for students and researchers in applied mathematics, physics and physical chemistry

Into The Unknown


Wilbur Bradbury - 1981
    Lavishly Illustrated with mono and colour photographs and drawings. Hardback with dust wrapper , Near Fine/Near Fine.

Theory of Relativity


Wolfgang Ernst Pauli - 1981
    He was awarded the 1945 Nobel Prize for physics for the discovery of the exclusion principle (also called the Pauli principle). A brilliant theoretician, he was the first to posit the existence of the neutrino and one of the few early 20th-century physicists to fully understand the enormity of Einstein's theory of relativity.Pauli's early writings, Theory of Relativity, published when the author was a young man of 21, was originally conceived as a complete review of the whole literature on relativity. Now, given the plethora of literature since that time and the growing complexity of physics and quantum mechanics, such a review is simply no longer possible.In order to maintain a proper historical perspective of Professor Pauli's significant work, the original text is reprinted in full, in addition to the author's insightful retrospective update of the later developments connected with relativity theory and the controversial questions that it provokes.Pauli pays special attention to the thorny problem of unified field theories, its connection with the range validity of the classical field concept, and its application to the atomic features of nature. While an early skeptic of solutions along classical lines, Pauli's alternative model was subsequently supported by the newer epistemological analysis of quantum or wave mechanics. Given the many pieces of the puzzle yet to be fitted into a cohesive picture of relativity, the differences of opinion on the relation of relativity theory to quantum theory are merging into one of science's great open problems.Pauli provides additional informative views on: problems beyond the original frame of special and general relativity; the conflict between "classical physics" and the quantum mechanical approach; the importance of Einsteinian theory in the development of physics; and finally, the epistemological analysis of the finiteness of the quantum of action and the move away from naïve visualizations.

Turtle Geometry: The Computer as a Medium for Exploring Mathematics


Harold Abelson - 1981
    Using this book and a few simple computer programs, students can explore the properties of space by following an imaginary turtle across the screen. The concept of turtle geometry grew out of the Logo Group at MIT. Directed by Seymour Papert, author of Mindstorms, this group has done extensive work with preschool children, high school students and university undergraduates.

The Rockhound's Handbook


James R. Mitchell - 1981
    Numerous illustrations and B/W photos.

The Physical Universe: An Introduction to Astronomy (Revised)


Frank H. Shu - 1981
    Physics Bulletin Just the thing for a first year university science course. Nature This is a beautiful book in both concept and execution. Sky & Telescope

The Natural Sciences Know Nothing of Evolution


A.E. Wilder-Smith - 1981
    But proof exists to dispute that theory as a hoax. Dr. Wilder-Smith gives one proof after another disputing the evolutionary philosophy of life. Every theory surrounding evolution is discussed and examined in length, and then compared with the undisputed truth that we are all created by God.

The Making Of Mankind


Richard E. Leakey - 1981
    A comprehensive survey of the fields that deal with human prehistory explains the techniques used in the study of the life, appearance, and evolution of human and prehuman ancestors

Designing, Building, and Testing Your Own Speaker System with Projects


David B. Weems - 1981
    Also new to this edition are improved speaker tests, expanded information on crossover networks, practical dimension charts, techniques for designing double-chamber reflex enclosures, and more. The book provides you with concise, step-by-step instructions for building speakers, and teaches you how to choose speakers that are best suited for various specific uses, set up a home system that will give you optimal performance, and critically evaluate speakers by ear if you lack test equipment. The included list of driver and system components suppliers helps you get started right away.

A Natural History of Raccoons


Dorcas MacClintock - 1981
    Topics covered include: behavioral characteristics (curiosity, raccoons in motion, winter denning); feeding habits, controlling their numbers (disease, parasites and predators); mating, and cubs; and habitat requirements. The book includes a chapter on caring for raccoons, which will be especially helpful for those who - like the author - have been called upon to nurture orphaned raccoon cubs. Raccoons are ecologic opportunists of the first order, living in forest, marsh and coastal environments, and forever exploring new habitats in suburb and city. Many people who have only occasionally glimpsed these predominantly nocturnal creatures will welcome this opportunity to become more familiar with them. Dorcas MacClintock is a mammalogist who is currently a Research Associate at the California Academy of Sciences and a Curatorial Affiliate at Yale Peabody Museum. She is on familiar terms with raccoons, having reared a number of orphaned cubs. J. Sharkey Thomas's sensitive interpretations of wildlife are familiar to animal lovers throughout North America. Two solo exhibitions of her art in New York City have established a widening circle of collectors. "Delightful, painstakingly researched work that introduces the reader to just about every aspect of the structure, habits and life history of the raccoon. Packed with information. While the treatment is thoroughly scientific, the brisk writing style makes for easy, enjoyable reading. Illustrated with many truly exquisite sketches. A fine book." The Conservationist "MacClintock supplies here just about everything you could think to ask about raccoons. Thoroughly informative and smoothly integrated." Kirkus Reviews "A sprightly and detailed study of the appealing animal. The many drawings here are striking." Booklist "Informative and charmingly illustrated." Country Journal

Data Structures Using Pascal


Aaron M. Tenenbaum - 1981
    Examples and exercises are drawn from a real programming language--Pascal.

National Geographic Book of Mammals


National Geographic Society - 1981
    -- A complete family reference guide with more than 850 photosThis acclaimed book is filled with marvelous photographs of over 500 animals in their natural habitat.

Skywatchers


Anthony F. Aveni - 1981
    Aveni, one of the pioneers in this new interdisciplinary field, couples basic astronomy with archaeological and ethnological data to present a readable and entertaining synthesis of what is known of ancient astronomy in this hemisphere.

Research Designs


Paul E. Spector - 1981
    Spector covers major designs including: single group designs; pre-test/post-test designs; factorial designs, hierarchical designs; multivariate designs; the Solomon four group design; panel designs; and designs with concomitant variables.

Animal Rights & Human Morality


Bernard E. Rollin - 1981
    Is moral concern something owed by human beings only to human beings? Drawing upon his philosophical expertise, his extensive experience of working with animal issues all over the world, and his knowledge of biological science, Bernard E. Rollin — now widely recognized as the father of veterinary ethics — develops a compelling analysis of animal rights as it is emerging in society. The result is a sound basis for rational discussion and social policy development in this area of rapidly growing concern. He believes that society must elevate the moral status of animals and protect their rights as determined by their natures. His public speaking and published works have contributed to passage of major federal legislation designed to increase the well-being of laboratory animals. This new third edition is greatly expanded and includes a new chapter on animal agriculture, plus additional discussions of animal law, companion animal issues, genetic engineering, animal pain, animal research, and many other topics.

The Dead Sea Scrolls: Qumran in Perspective


Géza Vermès - 1981
    This marvelous book brings us up to date on the study of the Dead Sea Scrolls, taking its place at the head of the line of introductions to the subject.

A River No More: The Colorado River and the West


Philip L. Fradkin - 1981
    Ever increasing demands on the river to supply cities in the desert render this new edition all too timely. Philip Fradkin has updated this valuable book with a new preface.

Brainstorms: Philosophical Essays on Mind and Psychology


Daniel C. Dennett - 1981
    Using careful arguments and ingenious thought-experiments, the author exposes familiar preconceptions and hobbling institutions.This collection of 17 essays by the author offers a comprehensive theory of mind, encompassing traditional issues of consciousness and free will. Using careful arguments and ingenious thought-experiments, the author exposes familiar preconceptions and hobbling institutions. The essays are grouped into four sections: Intentional Explanation and Attributions of Mentality; The Nature of Theory in Psychology; Objects of Consciousness and the Nature of Experience; and Free Will and Personhood.

Fundamentals of Clinical Trials


Lawrence M. Friedman - 1981
    This trial design has been successfully used in both therapeutic and disease prevention trials. It is superior to alternative designs by eliminating several sources of bias which exist in those designs. This role has evolved over the past three decades in a number of disease areas including cardiology, opthalmology, cancer and AIDS. While the specifics of using the randomized control design for a specific intervention and disease may differ, the basic fundamentals still apply in developing the study protocol and operational procedures. These fundamentals still apply in developing the study protocol and operational procedures. These fundamentals include identifying the specific questions to be tested and appropriate outcome measures, determining an adequate sample size, specifying the randomization procedure, detailing the intervention with visit schedules for subject evaluation, establishing an interim data and safety monitoring plan, detailing the final analysis plan and determining the organizational structure.This text is structured to address the fundamentals as the protocol for a clinical trial is being developed. A chapter is devoted to each of the critical areas of a protocol to aid the clinical trial researcher. The fundamentals described in this text are based on sound scientific methodology, statistical principles and years of accumulated experience by the three authors. Collectively, the authors have been active researchers in a broad area of clinical trials including cardiology, cancer, opthalmology, diabetes, osteoporosis, AIDS, women's health and screening tests. In these studies, the authors have served as members of the steering committee responsible for developing the protocol and as members of data and safety monitoring committees. The fundamentals were proposed in the first edition published in 1981 and have not changed substantially in the later editions. However, the number of examples illustrating the fundamentals has greatly expanded base on the collective experience of the authors.This text is intended for the clinical researcher who is interested in designing a clinical trial and developing a protocol. It is also of value to researchers and practitioners who must critically evaluate the literature of published clinical trials and assess the merits of each trial and the implications for the care and treatment of patients. The test uses numerous examples of published clinical trials from a variety of medical disciples to meaningfully illustrate the fundamentals. Technical design issues such as sample size are considered but the technical details have been suppressed as much as possible through the use of graphs and tables. While the technical material has been kept to a minimum, the statistician may still find the principles and fundamentals presented in this text useful both in a consulting and teaching capacity.The text assumes that the readers have only a modest formal statistical background. A basic introductory statistics course is helpful in maximizing the benefit of the text. However, a researcher or practitioner with no statistical background would still find most, if not all the chapters understandable and useful.

Joe Kaufman's Wings, Paws, Hoofs and Flippers: A Book About Animals


Joe Kaufman - 1981
    Through his accurate and fun illustrations and thoroughly readable text, the author conveys much information and answers many of the questions that children have a way of asking: which camels have two humps and which have one? How can you tell the difference between African and Asian elephants? Which animal can run the fastest? The book is intended for children from 6 to 12 years old, but will appeal to anyone who is interested in animals.The book was originally published under the title Joe Kaufman's Wings, Paws, Hoofs And Flippers: A Book About Animals.